Model Factsheet

Overview / Square/EMC2 (EMC2)
Name Square/EMC2
Acronym EMC2
Methodical Focus None
Institution(s) Institute of Energy Economics and Rational Energy Use (IER); University of Stuttgart
Author(s) (institution, working field, active time period) Thiruchittampalam; B.
Current contact person Schmid, D.
Contact (e-mail)
Primary Purpose Spatial distribution and allocation of emissions across Europe
Primary Outputs Spatially distributed emissions (1km x 1km; 5km x 5km)
Support / Community / Forum
Link to User Documentation
Link to Developer/Code Documentation
Documentation quality expandable
Source of funding
Number of developers less than 10
Number of users less than 10
Open Source
Planned to open up in the future
Modelling software T-SQL
Internal data processing software MS-SQL
External optimizer
Additional software MS-SQL Server
Modeled energy sectors (final energy) -
Modeled demand sectors -
Modeled technologies: components for power generation or conversion
Renewables -
Conventional -
Modeled technologies: components for transfer, infrastructure or grid
Electricity -
Gas -
Heat -
Properties electrical grid -
Modeled technologies: components for storage -
User behaviour and demand side management
Changes in efficiency
Market models -
Geographical coverage EU28; Norway; Switzerland
Geographic (spatial) resolution 1km x 1km; 5km x 5km
Time resolution annual
Comment on geographic (spatial) resolution Currently, we use two different resolutions. Many emissions are allocated using land-use and population data which largely determine the final resolution.
Observation period -
Additional dimensions (sector) -
Model class (optimisation) -
Model class (simulation) Top down
Short description of mathematical model class
Mathematical objective -
Approach to uncertainty -
Suited for many scenarios / monte-carlo
typical computation time more than a day
Typical computation hardware
Technical data anchored in the model
Model file format Other
Input data file format .csv
Output data file format .csv
Integration with other models
Integration of other models
Citation reference
Citation DOI
Reference Studies/Models
Example research questions
Model usage
Model validation cross-checked with other models
Example research questions
further properties
Model specific properties


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